Crawford County residents may not enjoy visiting the dentist, but it might help them in the early detection of a form of cancer.
April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month and various health agencies are striving to educate Illinoisans about the lifestyle-related risk factors of the disease and the importance of visiting the dentist regularly for early detection.
According to Illinois Department of Public Health behavioral risk factor surveys conducted between 2010 and 2014, 24 percent of Crawford County residents smoke and 9 percent use smokeless tobacco.
While most people are aware that tobacco can cause cancer, many are unaware it's a leading risk factor for oral cancer.
Oral health was identified as one of the top three significant health problems facing the county last year, according to CCDH Certified Public Health Administrator Darla Tracy.
The other problems flagged in the department's Illinois Project of Local Assessment of Needs report were mental/behavioral health and substance abuse.
"Oral cancer is typically discovered late in its development, making the fatality rate higher than other forms of cancer," said Dr. Sheila Strock, vice president, dental services and science officer at Delta Dental of Illinois. Delta Dental is a not-for-profit dental service corporation.
"Seeing the dentist is an important precautionary step for early oral cancer detection, especially since people typically visit their dentist more often than their physician," Strock explained. "Early detection is key, improving the survival rate from 57 percent to 81 percent."
Thirty-five percent of Illinois adults say they visit the dentist less than once a year, according to the 2018 Delta Dental Adult Oral Health and Well-Being Survey.
According to the Illinois State Cancer Registry, each year nearly 1,500 people in Illinois are diagnosed with oral cancer, which is defined as any type of cancer in the back of the throat or mouth.
Symptoms to watch for include: irritation, soreness or swelling in the jaw or throat; red or white patches in the mouth; and difficulty chewing, swallowing or speaking.
"It may be surprising, but the sexually transmitted disease human papillomavirus is becoming one of the leading causes of oral cancer," Strock said.
"HPV affects tissue growth that may lead to oral cancer. Many physicians recommend vaccinations at age 11 or 12 to prevent HPV and cancers related to the virus. The vaccine isn't effective after being exposed to HPV."
Called a "lifestyle disease," there are many ways to reduce the risk of getting oral cancer, including:
Don't use tobacco. It's important to quit all forms of tobacco including cigarettes and chewing tobacco.
Abstain from heavy drinking. Limit alcohol to one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men.
Always use SPF lip balm. Just as sunscreen is important to protect skin from the sun, lips need shielded with an SPF.
Maintain a healthy diet. Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, vitamin C, calcium and antioxidants may help lower risk.
"It's important to keep in mind that 1 in 4 people diagnosed with oral cancer have no risk factors," said Strock.
"So don't think that if you live an extremely healthy lifestyle, you can skip dental visits," she added. "Regular screenings are important for everyone, along with routine tooth brushing and flossing."